- Canada hosts some of the most advanced REEs exploration projects in the world.
- China is the world’s largest producer of REEs, accounting for close to 90% of global annual production, estimated at 135,000 tonnes.
Canada-based advanced REEs exploration projects containing significant concentrations (> 20%) of the “heavy” REEs, 2017
|Projects*||Location||Expected refined REEs
|Targeted production start year||Portion that are
heavy REEs (%)
|Buckton, DNI Metals||Alberta||Unspecified||>2020||24|
|Foxtrot, Search Minerals||Newfoundland and Labrador||10,000||>2020||21|
|Nechalacho, Avalon||Northwest Territories||10,000||>2020||28|
|Strange Lake, Quest||Quebec||12,500||>2020||47|
|Grand-Vallée, Orbite Aluminae||Quebec||1,000||>2020||20|
China is the world’s largest producer of REEs, accounting for nearly 90% of global annual production, estimated at 135,000 tonnes. The remaining 10% is shared among four other countries: Australia, Myanmar, Russia and Malaysia. China remains virtually the only producer of the valued heavy REEs.
World production of REEs, by country, 2017
|Ranking||Country||Thousand tonnes||Percentage of total|