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Location Quebec, Canada
Commodities Primary Gold, Silver, Zinc, Copper
Commodities Secondary Nickel, Molybdenum, Cobalt, Bismuth Lithium,
Platinum, Palladium, Magnetrite
Total Current Year Production Period Ended December 31, 2019
Gold; ounces 1,438,200
Silver; ounces 1,725,000
Zinc; pounds 29,015,000
Copper; pounds 7,489,000
Nickel; pounds 0
Molybdenum; pounds 0
Bismuth; pounds 0
Total Known Current and Historical Production 1925 – 2019
Gold; ounces 73,072,100
Silver; ounces 140,342,300
Zinc; pounds 6,676,049,000
Copper; pounds 6,535,846,000
Nickel; pounds 26,445,000
Molybdenum; pounds 19,432,000
Bismuth; pounds 2,440,000
Total Known Compliant Reserves (December 2019) Proven & Probable
Gold; ounces 19,310,400
Silver; ounces 45,572,000
Zinc; pounds 1,637,063,000
Copper; pounds 446,592,000
Nickel; pounds 6,082,000,000
Molybdenum; pounds 0
Bismuth; pounds 0
Cobalt; pounds 243,000,000
Lithium (LiO2), pounds 697,142,000
Platinum; ounces 287,000
Palladium; ounces 627,000
Magnetite; tonnes 0
Total Known Compliant Exclusive Resources Measured & Indicated
Gold; ounces 21,392,500
Silver; ounces 13,954,400
Zinc; pounds 2,099,878,000
Copper; pounds 187,397,000
Nickel; pounds 3,668,000,000
Molybdenum; pounds 0
Bismuth; pounds 0
Cobalt; pounds 151,000,000
Lithium (LiO2), pounds 1,015,674,000
Platinum; ounces 174,000
Palladium; ounces 381,000
Magnetite; tonnes 47,580,000
Inferred
Gold; ounces 29,691,600
Silver; ounces 19,627,600
Zinc; pounds 453,192,000
Copper; pounds 156,587,000
Nickel; pounds 2,862,000,000
Molybdenum; pounds 0
Bismuth; pounds 0
Cobalt; pounds 112,000,000
Lithium (LiO2), pounds 81,130,000
Platinum; ounces 92,000
Palladium; ounces 220,000
Magnetite; tonnes 33,430,000
Total Known Endowment 1925 – 2019
Gold; ounces 143,466,600
Silver; ounces 219,496,300
Zinc; pounds 10,866,182,000
Copper; pounds 7,326,422,000
Nickel; pounds 12,638,445,000
Molybdenum; pounds 19,432,000
Bismuth; pounds 2,440,000
Cobalt; pounds 506,000,000
Lithium (LiO2), pounds 1,793,946,000
Platinum; ounces 553,000
Palladium; ounces 1,228,000
Magnetite; tonnes 81,010,000
Photo courtesy of Alto Ventures
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History

The DigiGeoData Val d’Or/Rouyn-Noranda map stretches from the Ontario – Quebec border east for 200 kilometers. It covers the two historic mining camps Noranda – Rouyn and Val d’Or. The map covers an area of 25 thousand square kilometers.

This area has over 100 past and currently operating mines producing gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum, and bismuth. Other commodities explored for but not produced include lithium, cobalt, platinum, and palladium.

The chart shows the total production of commodities as of December 31, 2019.

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In 1906, Alphonse Olier and Auguste Renault discovered the first gold deposit in the Rouyn-Noranda region, on the shores of Lac Fortune. Despite their discovery, the area only became a center for mining following the staking of claims and the discovery of a copper and gold deposit at the northern end of Lac Tremoy by Edmund Horne, a prospector from Nova Scotia, in 1922. This started a mining rush in the area with prospectors and thousands of men and women coming to work and the beginning of the towns of Noranda and Rouyn.

The Thompson-Chadbourne Syndicate was formed to finance the exploration and was incorporated in Toronto as Noranda Mines Limited, a name that would have a profound effect on mining in this area for many years. By 1925 over 500 thousand tons of ore had been delineated which resulted in the sinking of the No.1 and No. 2 shafts and production commenced. The Horne mine remained in continuous production until 1976.

In 1924, by three prospectors discovered base metals north of the Horne mine around what became the Waite-Amulet mine. Production began in 1927 and continued until 1962.

The first exploration around the Doyon-Westwood property was recorded around 1910.

DigiGeoData - Picture2The first significant gold production in the Val d’Or area began in 1929 at the Siscoe gold mine.

Exploration, development, and production would continue for the 90 years until the present day making the Val d’Or/Rouyn-Noranda mining camp one of the most prolific and active in Canada and the world.

The chart shows the number of mine startups by decade across the area.

 

Geology

This area spans some 24,000 sq km of the southern Abitibi Greenstone Belt in SW Quebec, with the Kirkland Lake gold belt to the west, Cobalt 60 km to the southwest, the Matagami VMS belt 75 km to the north, the Chibougamau gold-copper district some 190 km to the northeast and the Barry-Urban gold area some 75 km to the east. The Sudbury nickel belt is 200 km to the southwest.

Regionally the Abitibi Subprovince is in the southern Superior Province of the Canadian Shield

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The Geological Domains of Quebec

Quebec geology comprises approx. 90% Precambrian and 10% Phanerozoic rocks with more than half of the Proterozoic rocks being of Archaean age.  These Archaean rocks form part of the 2.9 to 2.5 Ga Canadian Shield, which is bounded by Proterozoic orogenic zones and the Grenville province to the south

The Abitibi Greenstone Belt generally forms easterly trending synclines, with volcanics interspersed with domes of synvolcanic / syntectonic plutonic rocks, and alternating wacke bands. The strata is generally steeply dipping, separated by easterly dipping fault zones, such as the Porcupine-Destor and Cadillac fault zones in the Val D’Or-Noranda area

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The Val D’Or-Noranda areas situated within the SE Abitibi Greenstone Belt

Mineralisation

Mesothermal Lode Gold-Silver Deposits

The Val D’Or-Noranda gold area is in the southeastern section of the Abitibi Greenstone Belt, with gold deposits situated along the Larder Lake-Cadillac fault zone and the Porcupine-Destor fault zone. This district consists of a typical Archaean volcano-sedimentary supracrustal sequence of rocks, cut by narrow NE-SW basaltic dykes. The Malartic Group forms the northernmost volcanic unit around Val D’Or, with the Lower and Upper Malartic respectively formed of ultramafic, komatiitic flows and basaltic flows / basaltic flows of felsic volcaniclastics and ultramafics

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Main Gold Deposits / Areas within the Abitibi Belt from Rouyn-Noranda to Val D’Or
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Approximate area of the DigiGeoData Val D’Or Map

Auriferous quartz vein deposits in the Val D’Or area are fundamentally Orogenic Mesothermal Lode deposits of varying sub-types. Younger deposits (less than ~ 2,685 Ma) have suffered only minor post emplacement deformation, with examples being Sigma, Lamaque, Lucien Beliveau and Camflo. Deposits older than ~2,690 Ma are often deformed, cut by various dykes, with examples being Norlartic, Kiena and Siscoe

25 km west of Val D’Or, the Malartic camp is best known for low grade, high tonnage auriferous porphyry deposits, and includes the Malartic, East Malartic, Canadian Malartic and Barnat deposits

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The Val D’Or Mining Camp, with more than 25M oz of Gold Produced to date
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Rouyn-Noranda to Val D’Or…Major VMS Deposits within the Abitibi Greenstone Bely
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Major VMS Deposits in the Noranda District

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Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

In Situ Reserves and Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

DigiGeoData - palladium

In Situ Reserves and Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

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In Situ Reserves and Resources

Production

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