Key facts

  • The primary use of zinc is in galvanizing, which protects iron and steel from rusting
  • In 2017, Canada produced 344,294 tonnes of zinc from mines located in Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick
  • China was the world’s largest producer of refined zinc metal in 2017, accounting for 45% of world production

Production

  • In 2017, mined zinc production increased in Canada from the previous year. Refined zinc metal was produced at refineries in British Columbia, Manitoba and Quebec.
Ranking  Province Thousand tonnes Percentage of total
1 Manitoba 137.0 39.8%
2 Quebec 94.0 27.3%
3 Ontario 72.0 21.0%
4 New Brunswick 41.0 11.9%
Total 344.0 100.0%

World mine production of zinc, by country, 2017

Ranking Country Thousand tonnes Percentage of total
1 China 5,192 39.2%
2 Peru 1,473 11.1%
3 India 850 6.4%
4 United States 783 5.9%
5 Australia 747 5.6%
6 Mexico 677 5.1%
7 Bolivia 497 3.8%
8 Kazakhstan 375 2.8%
9 Canada 344 2.6%
Other countries 2,292 17.3%
Total 13,230 100%

Source: Natural Resources Canada
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